Who were the idéologues?
Hausarbeit von Andreas Möllenkamp
||University of Aberdeen
||ideologues, ideology, history of ideas, cultural history, social and cultural transformation, Paris, ancien régime, Destutt de Tracy, Pierre-Jean-Georges Cabanis, Institut National, Napoleon
This essay tries to describe the social, academic and political context of the idéologues as well as their political and scientific influence. The idéologues were a group of Parisian intellectuals that developed ideology as a “science of ideas” that was based on the analysis of how perception and physiognomy relate to language and ideas. As heirs of the Enlightenment philosophes and underpinned by their position in the Institut National, they used their “ideology” as the basis for social and cultural transformation especially in the development of a syllabus for the écoles centrales. Although their direct political influence only lasted three or four years in the 1790s, their new methods of reflection and research had lasting impacts on later developments in linguistics, biology, psychiatry as well as sociology.